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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

A peptidomimetic antagonist of the integrin alpha(v)beta3 inhibits Leydig cell tumor growth and the development of hypercalcemia of malignancy.

The integrin alpha(v)beta3 interacts with the arginine-glycine-aspartic acid (RGD) tripeptide recognition sequence of a variety of extracellular matrix proteins. Recent studies show that alpha(v)beta3 plays an important role in tumor-induced angiogenesis and tumor growth and that antagonists of alpha(v)beta3 inhibit angiogenic processes that include endothelial cell adhesion and migration. Consequently, we reasoned that an RGD-based peptidomimetic antagonist of alpha(v)beta3 might inhibit tumor angiogenesis and tumor growth in vivo. An RGD-peptidomimetic library was screened to identify antagonists of vitronectin binding to alpha(v)beta3, and the compounds chosen were modified to produce selective and potent inhibitors of alpha(v)beta3. One of these compounds, beta-[[2-2-[[[3-[(aminoiminomethyl)amino]-phenyl]carbonyl]amino]ac etyl]amino]-3,5-dichlorobenzenepropanoic acid (SC-68448), inhibited vitronectin binding to both alpha(v)beta3 and the closely related platelet receptor, alpha(IIb)beta3, in a dose-responsive manner. SC-68448 inhibited vitronectin binding to alpha(v)beta3 (IC50, 1 nM) and fibrinogen binding to the platelet receptor alpha(IIb)beta3 (IC50, >100 nM), demonstrating that SC-68448 was 100-fold more potent as an inhibitor of alpha(v)beta3 versus alpha(IIb)beta3. In cell-based studies, SC-68448 inhibited alpha(v)beta3-mediated endothelial cell proliferation in a dose-dependent manner but did not inhibit tumor cell proliferation, suggesting that effects on endothelial cell proliferation were not due to SC-68448-induced cytotoxicity. In accord with these results, SC-68448 inhibited angiogenesis in vivo in a basic fibroblast growth factor-induced rat corneal neovascularization model. A xenogeneic severe combined immune deficiency mouse/rat Leydig cell tumor model was developed for testing SC-68448 as an inhibitor of tumor growth in vivo. Rat Leydig cell tumors grew rapidly in severe combined immune deficiency mice and produced humoral hypercalcemia of malignancy. SC-68448 inhibited the growth of the tumors in mice by up to 80% and completely blocked the development of hypercalcemia. Together, these results demonstrate the feasibility of antitumor therapies based upon the development of nontoxic small molecule pharmacological antagonists of integrin alpha(v)beta3.[1]


  1. A peptidomimetic antagonist of the integrin alpha(v)beta3 inhibits Leydig cell tumor growth and the development of hypercalcemia of malignancy. Carron, C.P., Meyer, D.M., Pegg, J.A., Engleman, V.W., Nickols, M.A., Settle, S.L., Westlin, W.F., Ruminski, P.G., Nickols, G.A. Cancer Res. (1998) [Pubmed]
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