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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Nitrous oxide impairs the neutrophil oxidative response.

BACKGROUND: Nitrous oxide has been shown inconsistently to impair the oxidative function of neutrophils. The choice of the stimulus, receptor agonists, or stimuli acting independent of receptors seems to determine whether nitrous oxide impairs the oxidative functions, suggesting an interference with the cytosolic signaling of neutrophils. METHODS: Production of hydrogen peroxide by neutrophils was assessed using flow cytometric analysis. N-formyl-methionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine (FMLP), C5a, dioctanylglycerol, and phorbol-12-myristate-13-acetate were used as stimuli. In addition, the expression of receptors for FMLP and the cytosolic-free calcium response of cells were measured. RESULTS: Nitrous oxide depresses C5a- or FMLP-induced generation of reactive oxygen derivatives in a concentration-dependent manner. However, the response with direct activation of protein kinase C was unaffected. Further, the number of FMLP receptors and the cytosolic calcium response were unaffected. Inhibition of the oxidative response was not reversible within the observation period of 4 h. CONCLUSIONS: Nitrous oxide inhibited the intracellular signaling of the investigated G-protein-coupled receptors for chemotactic peptides. No interference of nitrous oxide with reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase, the oxidative enzyme system of neutrophils, nor with its activation through protein kinase C was detected.[1]


  1. Nitrous oxide impairs the neutrophil oxidative response. Fröhlich, D., Rothe, G., Wittmann, S., Schmitz, G., Schmid, P., Taeger, K., Hobbhahn, J. Anesthesiology (1998) [Pubmed]
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