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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

alpha-Tocopherol reduces proteinuria, oxidative stress, and expression of transforming growth factor beta 1 in IgA nephropathy in the rat.

Oxidative stress and the fibrogenic cytokine transforming growth factor beta 1 ( TGF beta 1) have been implicated in the pathogenesis and progression of IgA nephropathy. In the present study, we used alpha-tocopherol as a dietary supplement to test the hypothesis that the proteinuria, oxidative stress, and TGF beta mRNA can be more effectively lowered with higher doses of alpha-tocopherol. Hematuria, proteinuria, and mesangial IgA deposition are parameters which characterize IgA nephropathy. IgA nephropathy was induced by bovine gamma globulin oral immunization in rats during an 8-week course, and all hallmarks of IgA nephropathy were produced in this 8-week animal model. The elevation in renal malondialdehyde content and TGF beta 1 mRNA, as well as the severity of proteinuria, was blunted by alpha-tocopherol. Our data suggested that conventional dosage of alpha-tocopherol at 100 IU/kg chow lowered kidney TGF beta 1 to control values and increasing the dose by 2 1/2-fold or even 5-fold resulted in no further reduction in TGF beta 1 mRNA. Significant reduction of proteinuria was achieved better with a dose of 250 IU/kg chow of alpha-tocopherol supplementation than with the 100 IU/kg chow. We conclude that alpha-tocopherol at this dose is efficacious in controlling proteinuria, downregulating TGF beta 1, and reducing oxidative stress in experimental IgA nephropathy. Doubling this dose achieved no further benefits.[1]


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