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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Stimulation of P2Y-purinoceptors on astrocytes results in immediate early gene expression and potentiation of neuropeptide action.

The action of adenosine-5'-O-(2-thiodiphosphate), a non-hydrolysable purine analogue and potent P2Y1-purinoceptor agonist, was studied on immediate early gene expression in rat astrocyte cultures. A rapid and transient increase in c-fos, junB, c-jun and Tis11 messenger RNA was observed in cultured astrocytes after treatment with adenosine-5'-O-(2-thiodiphosphate). Maximal induction of immediate early gene expression was obtained within 30 min of stimulation and c-fos was the most sensitive indicator of P2Y-purinoceptor activation. Calcitonin gene-related peptide has also been shown to be a potent inducer of c-fos messenger RNA in cultured astroglial cells. The combined stimulation of astrocytes with calcitonin gene-related peptide and adenosine-5'-O-(2-thiodiphosphate) resulted in the potentiated expression of c-fos messenger RNA. The superinduction of immediate early gene expression by calcitonin gene-related peptide and extracellular ATP in cultured astrocytes might result from intracellular signal transduction cross-talk, since adenosine-5'-O-(2-thiodiphosphate) was found to increase calcitonin gene-related peptide-induced cyclic AMP accumulation by 35%. Phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate also increased calcitonin gene-related peptide-evoked cyclic AMP accumulation and led to the induction of immediate early gene expression, suggesting that protein kinase C might be at least in part involved in purinergic cross-talk. Our results demonstrate synergistic roles for extracellular ATP and calcitonin gene-related peptide in the transcriptional activation of astroglial cells.[1]

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