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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Vam7p, a vacuolar SNAP-25 homolog, is required for SNARE complex integrity and vacuole docking and fusion.

The vacuole v-t-SNARE complex is disassembled by Sec17p/alpha-SNAP and Sec18p/NSF prior to vacuole docking and fusion. We now report a functional characterization of the vacuolar SNARE Vam7p, a SNAP-25 homolog. Although Vam7p has no hydrophobic domains, it is tightly associated with the vacuolar membrane. Vam7p is a constituent of the vacuole SNARE complex and is released from this complex by the Sec17p/Sec18p/ATP-mediated priming of the vacuoles. Even in the absence of the vacuolar v-SNARE Nyv1p, a subcomplex which includes Vam7p and the t-SNARE Vam3p is preserved. Vam7p is necessary for the stability of the vacuolar SNARE complex, since vacuoles from mutants deleted in VAM7 do not have a Vam3p-Nyv1p complex. Furthermore, Vam7p alone, in the absence of Nyv1p and Vam3p, cannot mediate fusion with wild-type vacuoles, whereas vacuoles with only Nyv1p or Vam3p alone can fuse with wild-type vacuoles in the absence of the other two SNAREs. Thus, Vam7p is important for the stable assembly and efficient function of the vacuolar SNARE complex and maintenance of the vacuolar morphology. This functional characterization of Vam7p suggests a general role for SNAP-25 homologs, not only on the plasma membrane but along the secretory pathway.[1]


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