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Gene Review

VAM7  -  Vam7p

Saccharomyces cerevisiae S288c

Synonyms: VPL24, VPS43, Vacuolar morphogenesis protein 7, YGL212W
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High impact information on VAM7

  • Vam3 pairs with the SNAP-25 homolog Vam7 and VAMP homolog Vti1 to form SNARE complexes during vesicle docking/fusion with the vacuole [1].
  • Here, we show that the PX domain of Vam7 targets to vacuoles in vivo in a manner dependent on phosphatidylinositol 3-phosphate generation [2].
  • Vacuole SNAREs, including the t-SNAREs Vam3p and Vam7p and the v-SNARE Nyv1p, are found in a multisubunit "cis" complex on isolated organelles [3].
  • This functional characterization of Vam7p suggests a general role for SNAP-25 homologs, not only on the plasma membrane but along the secretory pathway [4].
  • After Vam7p has been released from the cis-SNARE complex by Sec18p-mediated priming, it is still required for Ypt7p-dependent docking and it needs Ypt7p to remain on the vacuole [5].

Biological context of VAM7

  • These findings suggested that the VAM7 gene product functions in the process of morphogenic assembly of the vacuolar compartment but is not involved in the protein sorting and delivery to the vacuole [6].
  • VAM7 gene function has shown to be required for proper morphogenesis of the vacuole in yeast [6].
  • The deduced amino acid sequence of the carboxyl-terminal region of the VAM7 gene product has heptad repeats and shows potential ability to form a coiled-coil structure [6].
  • On nucleotide sequencing of the VAM7 gene, an open reading frame of 948 base pairs, coding for a hydrophilic polypeptide of 316 amino acid residues, was identified [6].
  • The 5' end matches the previously described gene, VAM7, and the 3' end matches the previously described gene, SPM2, both of which have been assigned to the left arm of chromosome VII [7].

Anatomical context of VAM7


Associations of VAM7 with chemical compounds

  • In addition to the coiled-coil domain, Vam7p also contains a putative NADPH oxidase p40(phox) (PX) domain [8].
  • Phox domain interaction with PtdIns(3)P targets the Vam7 t-SNARE to vacuole membranes [2].
  • Docking-dependent Ca(2+) efflux is absent in plc1Delta vacuoles and was restored only upon the addition of both Plc1p and the Vam7p SNARE [10].
  • A cycle of Vam7p release from and PtdIns 3-P-dependent rebinding to the yeast vacuole is required for homotypic vacuole fusion [11].
  • The PX domain, through its affinities for phosphoinositides and HOPS, is thus exclusively required for enhancing the targeting of Vam7p rather than for execution of the Vam7p functions in HOPS.SNARE complex assembly and fusion [12].

Other interactions of VAM7

  • Furthermore, VAM7 displayed genetic interactions with the vacuolar syntaxin homolog, VAM3 [8].
  • Consistent with the genetic results, Vam7p physically associated in a complex containing Vam3p, and this interaction was enhanced by inactivation of the yeast NSF (N-ethyl maleimide-sensitive factor) homolog, Sec18p [8].
  • Thus, after priming, Vam7p is released from the vacuole altogether if Ypt7p has been extracted by Gdi1p or inactivated by antibody but is not released if docking is blocked simply by vacuole dilution; it is therefore Ypt7p function, and not docking per se, that retains Vam7p [5].
  • In accord with this finding, cells deleted for the gene encoding Ypt7 have normal amounts of Vam7p but have little Vam7p on their isolated vacuoles [5].
  • A mutant with both vam7 and vam5 null mutations was constructed and shown to have neither vacuolar structures stained with ade-related fluorochrome nor mature forms of vacuolar marker proteins [6].


  1. Class C Vps protein complex regulates vacuolar SNARE pairing and is required for vesicle docking/fusion. Sato, T.K., Rehling, P., Peterson, M.R., Emr, S.D. Mol. Cell (2000) [Pubmed]
  2. Phox domain interaction with PtdIns(3)P targets the Vam7 t-SNARE to vacuole membranes. Cheever, M.L., Sato, T.K., de Beer, T., Kutateladze, T.G., Emr, S.D., Overduin, M. Nat. Cell Biol. (2001) [Pubmed]
  3. Three v-SNAREs and two t-SNAREs, present in a pentameric cis-SNARE complex on isolated vacuoles, are essential for homotypic fusion. Ungermann, C., von Mollard, G.F., Jensen, O.N., Margolis, N., Stevens, T.H., Wickner, W. J. Cell Biol. (1999) [Pubmed]
  4. Vam7p, a vacuolar SNAP-25 homolog, is required for SNARE complex integrity and vacuole docking and fusion. Ungermann, C., Wickner, W. EMBO J. (1998) [Pubmed]
  5. A new role for a SNARE protein as a regulator of the Ypt7/Rab-dependent stage of docking. Ungermann, C., Price, A., Wickner, W. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (2000) [Pubmed]
  6. Genes for directing vacuolar morphogenesis in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. II. VAM7, a gene for regulating morphogenic assembly of the vacuoles. Wada, Y., Anraku, Y. J. Biol. Chem. (1992) [Pubmed]
  7. Lambda clone B22 contains a 7676 bp genomic fragment of Saccharomyces cerevisiae chromosome VII spanning the VAM7-SPM2 intergenic region and containing three novel transcribed open reading frames. Kail, M., Jüttner, E., Vaux, D. Yeast (1996) [Pubmed]
  8. Vam7p, a SNAP-25-like molecule, and Vam3p, a syntaxin homolog, function together in yeast vacuolar protein trafficking. Sato, T.K., Darsow, T., Emr, S.D. Mol. Cell. Biol. (1998) [Pubmed]
  9. Hansenula polymorpha Vam7p is required for macropexophagy. Stevens, P., Monastyrska, I., Leão-Helder, A.N., van der Klei, I.J., Veenhuis, M., Kiel, J.A. FEMS Yeast Res. (2005) [Pubmed]
  10. Diacylglycerol and its formation by phospholipase C regulate Rab- and SNARE-dependent yeast vacuole fusion. Jun, Y., Fratti, R.A., Wickner, W. J. Biol. Chem. (2004) [Pubmed]
  11. A cycle of Vam7p release from and PtdIns 3-P-dependent rebinding to the yeast vacuole is required for homotypic vacuole fusion. Boeddinghaus, C., Merz, A.J., Laage, R., Ungermann, C. J. Cell Biol. (2002) [Pubmed]
  12. Distinct targeting and fusion functions of the PX and SNARE domains of yeast vacuolar Vam7p. Fratti, R.A., Wickner, W. J. Biol. Chem. (2007) [Pubmed]
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