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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Quantitative angiography of coronary artery dimensions 24 hours after rotational atherectomy.

Rotational atherectomy results in platelet activation and heat generation, which may impact artery size immediately after treatment. In addition, arteries treated with balloon angioplasty may exhibit recoil within 24 hours. In this study, arteries treated with rotational atherectomy, with and without adjunctive balloon angioplasty, were analyzed by quantitative coronary angiography to determine the effect of rotational atherectomy on the dynamic behavior of the arterial wall within 24 hours after the procedure. Quantitative coronary angiography was performed at a core laboratory. Coronary angiogram acquisitions were preceded by intracoronary nitroglycerin injections and were repeated using identical angles of projection. Proximal and distal reference vessel diameters were 2.55 +/- 0.60 and 2.28 +/- 0.51 mm, respectively, and did not change from pre- to postprocedure. Both were larger the following day increasing to 2.72 +/- 0.65 and 2.52 +/- 0.52 mm, respectively, (p <0.001). Minimum luminal diameter (MLD) increased from 0.70 +/- 0.28 mm before to 1.49 +/- 0.34 mm after the procedure and to 1.72 +/- 0.37 mm at 24-hour follow-up (p <0.001). Subset analysis of patients treated with rotational atherectomy alone or rotational atherectomy with adjunctive balloon angioplasty revealed that the increase in luminal diameters occurred in both subsets. Patients treated with adjunctive angioplasty had a smaller initial MLD, a larger postprocedure MLD, and no difference in MLD at 24-hour follow-up compared with stand-alone rotational atherectomy. Subset analysis of 100 patients who had 6-month follow-up angiography revealed that both a calculated acute gain and chronic late loss, based on a 24-hour film, differed significantly from values using a film acquired immediately after the procedure. However, the slope of the linear regression between acute gain and chronic late loss did not differ. Coronary arteries treated with rotational atherectomy with or without adjunctive balloon angioplasty increase significantly in size during the first 24 hours after the procedure. This phenomenon has implications for the calculation of absolute gain and chronic late loss, but not for the linear relation between the 2 quantitative outcomes.[1]


  1. Quantitative angiography of coronary artery dimensions 24 hours after rotational atherectomy. Reisman, M., Buchbinder, M., Harms, V., McDaniel, M., Peterson, K.L. Am. J. Cardiol. (1998) [Pubmed]
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