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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Effect of adenosine receptor agonists on release of the nucleoside analogue [3H]formycin B from cultured smooth muscle DDT1 MF-2 cells.

Adenosine has receptor-mediated effects in a variety of cell types and is predominantly formed from ATP by a series of nucleotidase reactions. Adenosine formed intracellularly can be released by bidirectional nucleoside transport processes to activate cell surface receptors. We examined whether stimulation of adenosine receptors has a regulatory effect on transporter-mediated nucleoside release. DDT1 MF-2 smooth muscle cells, which possess nitrobenzylthioinosine-sensitive (ES) transporters as well as both adenosine A1 and A2 receptors, were loaded with the metabolically stable nucleoside analogue [3H]formycin B. N6-cyclohexyladenosine (CHA), a selective adenosine A1 receptor agonist, produced a concentration-dependent inhibition of [3H]formycin B release with an IC50 value of 2.7 microM. Further investigation revealed CHA interacts directly with nucleoside transporters with a Ki value of 3.3 microM. Neither 5'-N-ethylcarboxamidoadenosine (NECA), a mixed adenosine A1 and A2 receptor agonist, nor CGS 21680, a selective adenosine A2A receptor agonist, affected nucleoside release. We conclude that release of the nucleoside formycin B from DDT1 MF-2 cells is not regulated by adenosine A1 or A2 receptor activation.[1]


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