The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Neutralization of conservative charged transmembrane residues in the Na+/glucose cotransporter SGLT1.

Our goal was to identify pairs of charged residues in the membrane domains of the Na+/glucose cotransporter (SGLT1) that form salt bridges, to obtain information about packing of the transmembrane helices. The strategy was to neutralize Glu225, Asp273, Asp294, and Lys321 in helices 6-8, express the mutants in oocytes, measure [14C]-alphaMDG uptake, and then attempt to find second-site mutations of opposite charge that restored function. alphaMDG uptake by E225A was identical to that by SGLT1, whereas transport was reduced by over 90% for D273A, D294A, and K321A and was not restored in the double mutants D273A/K321A or D294A/K321A. This suggested that K321 did not form salt bridges with D273 or D294 and that E225 was not involved in salt-bridging. Neutralization of K321 dramatically changed the Na+ uniport and Na+/glucose cotransport kinetics. The maximum rate of uniport in K321A increased 3-5-fold with a decrease in the apparent affinity for Na+ (70 vs 3 mM) and no change in apparent H+ affinity (0.5 microM). The change in Na+ affinity caused a +50 mV shift in the charge/voltage (Q/V) and relaxation time constant (tau)/voltage curves in the presteady-state kinetics. The presteady-state kinetics in H+ remained unchanged. The lower Na+ affinity resulted also in a 200-fold increase in the apparent K0.5 for alphaMDG and phlorizin. Replacements of K321 with alanine, valine, glutamine, arginine, or glutamic acid residues changed the steady-state kinetics in a similar way. Therefore, we suggest that K321 determines, directly or indirectly, (i) the rate and selectivity of SGLT1 uniport activity and (ii) the apparent affinities of SGLT1 for Na+, and indirectly sugar in the cotransport mode.[1]


  1. Neutralization of conservative charged transmembrane residues in the Na+/glucose cotransporter SGLT1. Panayotova-Heiermann, M., Loo, D.D., Lam, J.T., Wright, E.M. Biochemistry (1998) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities