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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

A human SPT3-TAFII31- GCN5-L acetylase complex distinct from transcription factor IID.

In yeast, SPT3 is a component of the multiprotein SPT-ADA-GCN5 acetyltransferase (SAGA) complex that integrates proteins with transcription coactivator/adaptor functions (ADAs and GCN5), histone acetyltransferase activity ( GCN5), and core promoter-selective functions (SPTs) involving interactions with the TATA-binding protein ( TBP). In particular, yeast SPT3 has been shown to interact directly with TBP. Here we report the molecular cloning of a cDNA encoding a human homologue of yeast SPT3. Amino acid sequence comparisons between human SPT3 (hSPT3) and its counterparts in different yeast species reveal three highly conserved domains, with the most conserved 92-amino acid N-terminal domain being 25% identical with human TAFII18. Despite the significant sequence similarity with TAFII18, native hSPT3 is not a bona fide TAFII because it is not associated in vivo either with human TBP/TFIID or with a TFIID-related TBP-free TAFII complex. However, we present evidence that hSPT3 is associated in vivo with TAFII31 and the recently described longer form of human GCN5 (hGCN5-L) in a novel human complex that has histone acetyltransferase activity. We propose that the human SPT3-TAFII31-GCN5-L acetyltransferase (STAGA) complex is a likely homologue of the yeast SAGA complex.[1]


  1. A human SPT3-TAFII31-GCN5-L acetylase complex distinct from transcription factor IID. Martinez, E., Kundu, T.K., Fu, J., Roeder, R.G. J. Biol. Chem. (1998) [Pubmed]
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