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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Hypoxia exerts cell-type-specific effects on expression of the class 3 aldehyde dehydrogenase gene.

The Class 3 aldehyde dehydrogenase gene (ALDH3) is expressed differentially in a tissue-specific manner, occurring constitutively in some tissues and in others as a result of xenobiotic induction via the Ah receptor/ARNT pathway. ARNT is also involved in regulating gene expression in response to hypoxia. It dimerizes with hypoxia-inducible factor 1 alpha (HIF-1 alpha) and enhances expression of hypoxia-responsive genes. To determine if ARNT plays a role in regulating ALDH3 in response to low oxygen tension, we studied the effects of 1% oxygen and the hypoxia mimic cobalt chloride on constitutive and inducible ALDH3 expression in rat hepatoma cells and rat corneal epithelial cells. Hypoxia sharply down-regulates constitutive ALDH3 expression in corneal epithelial cells. Likewise, aromatic hydrocarbon-induced ALDH3 expression in H4-II-EC3 cells is significantly reduced by hypoxia. In contrast, hypoxia has no effect on constitutive or aromatic hydrocarbon-inducible ALDH3 expression in HTC cells. Our data indicate that hypoxia exerts cell type-specific effects on both constitutive and induced ALDH3 expression.[1]


  1. Hypoxia exerts cell-type-specific effects on expression of the class 3 aldehyde dehydrogenase gene. Reisdorph, R., Lindahl, R. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. (1998) [Pubmed]
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