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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Effect of Ca2+ and cAMP on capacitance-measured hormone secretion in human GH-secreting adenoma cells.

Membrane capacitance (Cm) was measured as an index of exocytosis in human growth hormone-secreting adenoma cells using the perforated whole cell, patch-clamp technique; the effects of membrane depolarization, growth hormone-releasing hormone, and 8-bromoadenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (8-BrcAMP) were examined. Cm was increased by membrane depolarization to potentials beyond the threshold necessary to open voltage-gated Ca2+ channels. These voltage-dependent changes in Cm varied as a function of both depolarization amplitude and duration and were blocked in the presence of the Ca2+ channel antagonist nitrendipine (10(-6) M). When membrane potential was clamped at the holding potential (-78 mV), voltage-gated Ca2+ channels were closed, and neither application of growth hormone-releasing hormone nor 8-BrcAMP affected Cm. However, when these agents were applied to depolarized cells, where the voltage-gated Ca2+ channels were open, the increases in Cm were augmented. From these data, it was concluded that elevation of intracellular cAMP, per se, did not stimulate exocytosis. Rather, Ca2+ influx through voltage-gated channels was a prerequisite for cAMP-induced exocytosis.[1]


  1. Effect of Ca2+ and cAMP on capacitance-measured hormone secretion in human GH-secreting adenoma cells. Takei, T., Yasufuku-Takano, J., Takano, K., Fujita, T., Yamashita, N. Am. J. Physiol. (1998) [Pubmed]
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