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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Prevalence of factor V Leiden mutation in young adults with cerebral ischaemia: a case-control study on 225 patients.

Cerebral ischaemia in young adults is a well-recognised disease, and approximately half of the cases remain aetiologically unclear despite extensive investigations. Thrombophilias are known to cause a subset of ischaemic strokes in this population. The factor V Leiden (FVL) mutation, causing resistance to activated protein C, has recently been recognised as the most important genetic thrombophilia in the Western population. Carriers of this gene mutation have a sevenfold increased risk of phlebothrombosis. We undertook this study to evaluate whether the FVL mutation constitutes a risk factor for juvenile cerebral ischaemias. A total of 225 patients aged < or = 45 years at onset of cerebral ischaemia and 200 age-matched healthy controls were investigated. The overall frequency of heterozygosity for the FVL mutation did not differ significantly between patients (8.4%) and controls [6.0%; odds ratio (OR) 1.4, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.7-3.1]. In the subgroup of patients with cryptogenic cerebral ischaemia (n = 94), however, a significantly higher frequency of this gene defect (15.9%) was found compared with the controls (OR 3.0, CI 1.3-6.6). Further trends towards higher frequencies of the FVL mutation were found in patients with patent foramen ovale (OR 1.9), individual (OR 2.1) or family history of previous thrombembolisms (OR 2.0), and in those aged 25 years at onset of disease (OR 1.9, all not significant). In conclusion, the FVL mutation is not a risk factor for cerebral ischaemia of the young. However, our results suggest that this gene mutation plays an aetiological role in the subgroup of patients suffering from 'cryptogenic' ischaemic events.[1]


  1. Prevalence of factor V Leiden mutation in young adults with cerebral ischaemia: a case-control study on 225 patients. Nabavi, D.G., Junker, R., Wolff, E., Lüdemann, P., Doherty, C., Evers, S., Droste, D.W., Kessler, C., Assmann, G., Ringelstein, E.B. J. Neurol. (1998) [Pubmed]
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