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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Reduced expression of the renal calcium-sensing receptor in rats with experimental chronic renal insufficiency.

Chronic renal insufficiency is associated with elevated serum parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels (2 degrees HPT), deficiency of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D (1,25(OH)2D), and hypocalciuria. In chronic renal insufficiency, the 2 degrees HPT may result from reduced expression of the parathyroid gland extracellular Ca(2+)-sensing receptor (CaSR). Since the CaSR was cloned from rat and human kidney, this study examined in rats whether expression of the renal CaSR is altered in experimental chronic renal insufficiency. Four weeks after chronic renal insufficiency was induced by 5/6 nephrectomy (Nx) in Sprague Dawley rats, the serum creatinine concentration was 0.96+/-0.06 mg/dl compared with 0.35+/-0.02 mg/dl in sham-operated animals (P < 0.05). The serum total Ca2+ and phosphorus concentrations were not different. In the Nx group, the serum concentration of amino-PTH was higher (65+/-8 pg/ml), and the concentration of 1,25(OH)2D was significantly lower (47+/-5 pg/ml) compared with 45+/-5 pg/ml and 61+/-4 pg/ml (P = 0.05) in the sham group, respectively. In a subset of rats studied, the Nx group was hypocalciuric (1.4+/-0.5 mg/kg per d) compared with the sham group (3.7+/-0.5 mg/kg per d) (P < 0.05). In the Nx rats, CaSR mRNA expression and CaSR protein levels were found to be reduced by 35 and 38%, respectively, than those observed in controls. These results suggest that reduced renal CaSR expression in chronic renal insufficiency may play a role in disordered mineral ion homeostasis, including hypocalciuria.[1]


  1. Reduced expression of the renal calcium-sensing receptor in rats with experimental chronic renal insufficiency. Mathias, R.S., Nguyen, H.T., Zhang, M.Y., Portale, A.A. J. Am. Soc. Nephrol. (1998) [Pubmed]
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