The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Syndrome X and endothelial dysfunction.

OBJECTIVE: Syndrome X (angina, normal coronary arteriogram and positive exercise test) remains an enigma with unexplained features and apparent conflicts of evidence. The present study addressed whether (i) the Syndrome is characterised by generalised flow-related endothelial dysfunction, (ii) myocardial thallium201 defects reflect myocardial or microvascular dysfunction, (iii) endothelial dysfunction and its consequences can be improved by oral L-arginine. METHODS: Flow-mediated brachial artery dilatation was measured by ultrasonic 'wall-tracking' in 7 Syndrome X patients, further characterised as having thallium201 defects and no known cause of endothelial dysfunction, and a normal control group. Syndrome X patients entered a 4-week randomised double-blind placebo-controlled cross-over trial of oral L-arginine (7 g twice daily), with brachial artery studies, exercise tests and technetium99 tetrafosmin scans. RESULTS: Flow-mediated dilatation was absent in Syndrome X vs. normal. Stress technetium99 tetrafosmin and thallium201 scans showed similar defects. Flow-mediated dilatation, symptom-limited exercise duration and peak oxygen consumption (VO2max) were increased but rate-pressure-product (RPP) and radionuclide defects were unchanged after L-arginine vs. placebo. CONCLUSIONS: The study supports coronary microvascular rather than myocardial dysfunction and shows loss of flow-mediated dilatation in systemic arteries. Oral L-arginine improved flow-mediated dilatation, exercise capacity and VO2max (by ca. 17%) despite unchanged RPP. The findings support generalised endothelial dysfunction. The arginine effects imply NO-mediated improvement of skeletal muscle perfusion suggesting improved homogeneity of microvascular distribution.[1]


  1. Syndrome X and endothelial dysfunction. Bellamy, M.F., Goodfellow, J., Tweddel, A.C., Dunstan, F.D., Lewis, M.J., Henderson, A.H. Cardiovasc. Res. (1998) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities