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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Molecular cloning of a full-length cDNA for human type 3 adenylyl cyclase and its expression in human islets.

The GK (Goto-Kakizaki) rat is a lean model of type 2 diabetes in which the diabetic state was spontaneously induced. We recently demonstrated the presence in GK rats of two functional point mutations in the promoter region of the type 3 adenylyl cyclase (AC3) gene that resulted in overexpression of AC3 mRNA associated with increased cAMP generation. The AC3 gene promoter mutations are the first molecular changes to be described in any specific gene in the GK rat. Here we report cloning of a full-length cDNA encoding human AC3 from a human fetal brain cDNA library using a PCR-based screening method. This 4142-bp cDNA predicts an open reading frame encoding 1144 amino acids containing putative 12 transmembrane-spanning domains which are typically found in other mammalian AC isoforms. Comparison of the translated amino acid sequence of the AC3 gene between human and rat shows 95% homology. Using RT-PCR, clear AC3 expression was detected in isolated human islets as well as a cDNA panel containing templates from eight different tissues (brain, heart, kidney, liver, lung, pancreas, placenta, and skeletal muscle). This wide distribution of AC3 expression may involve a number of physiological and pathophysiological metabolic processes.[1]


  1. Molecular cloning of a full-length cDNA for human type 3 adenylyl cyclase and its expression in human islets. Yang, B., He, B., Abdel-Halim, S.M., Tibell, A., Brendel, M.D., Bretzel, R.G., Efendic, S., Hillert, J. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. (1999) [Pubmed]
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