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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Either of the chromosomal tuf genes of E. coli K-12 can be deleted without loss of cell viability.

A method of lambda-mediated gene replacement was used to disrupt tufA or tufB on the chromosome of the E. coli K-12 strain MG1655. Both tuf genes, which are almost identical but map in different chromosomal contexts, encode the essential peptide chain elongation factor EF-Tu, one of the most abundant cytoplasmic proteins. Southern analysis confirmed replacement of the chromosomal tufA or tufB gene by a chloramphenicol resistance marker, demonstrating that both tuf genes are individually dispensable for growth. Under conditions of rapid growth, deletion of tufB had no significant effect on growth rate, but deletion of tufA resulted in a 35% increase in generation time. In minimal medium we observed no negative effects of tufA deletion on growth rate. Strains with a single tuf gene are useful for the expression of mutant forms of EF-Tu as the sole species in cells; this was demonstrated by introducing the hybrid tufAhis gene, encoding EF-TuA extended with a C-terminal (His)6 tag, into the chromosome of a strain lacking tufB.[1]


  1. Either of the chromosomal tuf genes of E. coli K-12 can be deleted without loss of cell viability. Zuurmond, A.M., Rundlöf, A.K., Kraal, B. Mol. Gen. Genet. (1999) [Pubmed]
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