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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Effects of the antiestrogenic environmental pollutant 3,3',4,4', 5-pentachlorobiphenyl (PCB #126) in rat bone and uterus: diverging effects in ovariectomized and intact animals.

The purpose of this study was to compare effects on rat bone and uterus of estrogen depletion and exposure to the coplanar PCB-congener 3,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl ( PCB #126) which exhibits anti-estrogenic properties. Half of the rats were ovariectomized (n = 20) and the other half were sham-operated. Ten of the ovariectomized rats and ten of the sham operated were exposed to PCB #126 (ip injections) for 3 months (total dose: 384 microgram/kg body wt). The remaining control rats were injected with corn oil (vehicle). The rats were killed and the tibiae and uteri were dissected. The left tibia was used for measurements of weight, length, and bone mineral density and the right for histomorphometrical analysis. The uteri were analyzed with respect to estrogen receptor content. PCB #126 exposure did not affect bone mineral density or trabecular bone volume of tibia in sham-operated rats. In ovariectomized rats PCB #126 exposure resulted in a decreased length and an increased bone mineral density of tibia. An obvious PCB #126 induced increase in osteoid surface was observed in sham-operated rats. The cortical thickness and the organic content of the tibia were also increased in these rats. In estrogen deprived tissue like the uteri of ovariectomized rats, PCB #126 showed weak estrogen agonistic activity. The observed effects of PCB #126 on bone and uterine tissues differed between ovariectomized and sham-operated rats.[1]


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