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Gene Review

DAT1  -  Dat1p

Saccharomyces cerevisiae S288c

Synonyms: DAT, Datin, Oligo(A)/oligo(T)-binding protein, YM8339.06, YML113W
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Disease relevance of DAT1

  • These data suggest a novel role for a trithorax-homologous protein in multilineage human leukemias that may be mediated by DNA binding within the minor groove at AT-rich sites, implicated to play an important role in bacterial IHF-, yeast datin-, and mammalian HMG-mediated gene activation [1].

High impact information on DAT1

  • The DAT1 gene of Saccharomyces cerevisiae encodes a DNA binding protein that specifically interacts with nonalternating oligo(A).oligo(T) tracts (A.T tracts) [2].
  • Amino acid similarities with other DNA binding proteins suggest that the DAT1 protein pentad represents a specialized example of a widespread motif used by proteins to recognize A.T base pairs [2].
  • These data constrain the possible models for Dat1p/oligo(A).oligo(T) complexes, suggest that the DNA binding domain is in an extended structure when complexed to its cognate DNA, and show that Dat1p binding sites are more prevalent than previously thought [3].
  • Oligonucleotide binding experiments and the characterization of yeast genomic Dat1p binding sites show that Dat1p specifically binds to any 11 base sequence in which 10 bases conform to an oligo(A).oligo(T) tract [3].
  • Sequence-specific recognition requires arginine residues found within three perfectly repeated pentads (G-R-K-P-G) of the Dat1p DNA binding domain [Reardon, B. J., Winters, R. S., Gordon, D., and Winter, E. (1993) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 90, 11327-1131] [3].

Other interactions of DAT1

  • Moreover, neither datin, a T-tract binding protein, nor Gcn5p, a histone acetyltransferase involved in nucleosome remodelling, showed an influence on the structure and accessibility of T-tracts [4].


  1. Involvement of a homolog of Drosophila trithorax by 11q23 chromosomal translocations in acute leukemias. Tkachuk, D.C., Kohler, S., Cleary, M.L. Cell (1992) [Pubmed]
  2. A peptide motif that recognizes A.T tracts in DNA. Reardon, B.J., Winters, R.S., Gordon, D., Winter, E. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1993) [Pubmed]
  3. DNA binding properties of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae DAT1 gene product. Reardon, B.J., Gordon, D., Ballard, M.J., Winter, E. Nucleic Acids Res. (1995) [Pubmed]
  4. Poly(dA.dT) sequences exist as rigid DNA structures in nucleosome-free yeast promoters in vivo. Suter, B., Schnappauf, G., Thoma, F. Nucleic Acids Res. (2000) [Pubmed]
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