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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Apoptosis-associated proteins p53 and APO-1/Fas (CD95) in brains of adult patients with Down syndrome.

In Down syndrome (DS), enhanced apoptosis (programmed cell death) may play a role in the pathogenesis of characteristic mental retardation and precocious dementia of Alzheimer-type. Upregulation of p53 and APO-1/Fas (CD95) precedes apoptosis in many cell types, and a potential role for these molecules has already been demonstrated in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and several other neurodegenerative diseases. We measured p53 and APO-1/Fas (CD95) protein in four different regions of cerebral cortex and cerebellum in nine adult DS patients with Alzheimer-like neuropathologic lesions compared to nine controls. Quantitative ELISA demonstrated higher frontal lobe (mean+/-SD: 0.10+0.035 vs. 0.041+/-0.016 ng/mg protein), temporal lobe (0.062+/-0.021 vs. 0.032+/-0.019 ng/mg protein) and cerebellar levels (0.078+/-0.030 vs. 0.039+/-0.032 ng/mg protein) of p53 protein, and higher temporal lobe (mean+/-SD: 12.3+/-4.3 vs. 5.3+/-2.0 U/mg protein) and cerebellar levels (5.9+/-1.4 vs. 2.9+/-1.1 U/mg protein) of APO-1/Fas (CD95) protein. The results suggest that p53- or APO-1/Fas (CD95)-associated apoptosis may be an important feature of neurodegeneration in DS.[1]


  1. Apoptosis-associated proteins p53 and APO-1/Fas (CD95) in brains of adult patients with Down syndrome. Seidl, R., Fang-Kircher, S., Bidmon, B., Cairns, N., Lubec, G. Neurosci. Lett. (1999) [Pubmed]
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