The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Hypoxia/ischemia induces dephosphorylation of rat brain neuromodulin/GAP-43 in vivo.

The in vivo state of phosphorylation and the modification of two Cys residues of neuromodulin/ GAP-43 ( Nm) were analyzed by electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry (ES-MS). The protein was purified from rat brain with homogenization buffer containing 1% Nonidet P-40, protease inhibitors, protein phosphatase inhibitors, and sulfhydryl reagent, 4-vinylpyridine. Nm was purified by HPLC and ion-exchange chromatography, and the various fractions were identified by ES-MS as unphosphorylated and mono-, di-, tri-, and tetraphosphorylated species. All of these Nm species contained 2 mol of added 4-vinylpyridine per mol of Nm, suggesting that the two Cys residues are in the reduced form in the brain. In vivo, the majority of Nm is in the phosphorylated form (approximately 80%), of which the levels of the mono- and diphospho forms are higher than those of the tri- and tetraphospho species. Four in vivo phosphorylation sites, Ser41, Thr95, Ser142, and Thr172, were identified by amino acid sequencing and tandem ES-MS of the peptides derived from Lys-C endoproteinase digestion. Among these sites, only Ser41 is a known target of PKC, whereas the kinases responsible for the phosphorylation of the other three novel sites are unknown. Hypoxia/ischemia caused a preferential dephosphorylation of Ser41 and Thr172, whereas Thr95 is the least susceptible to dephosphorylation.[1]


  1. Hypoxia/ischemia induces dephosphorylation of rat brain neuromodulin/GAP-43 in vivo. Huang, K.P., Huang, F.L., Chen, H.C. J. Neurochem. (1999) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities