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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Isoforms of the Na-K-2Cl cotransporter in murine TAL I. Molecular characterization and intrarenal localization.

We have identified several alternatively spliced cDNAs encoding mBSC1, an apical bumetanide-sensitive Na+-K+-2Cl- cotransporter from mouse kidney. Two full-length clones were isolated, designated C4 and C9, predicting proteins of 770 and 1,095 amino acids, respectively. The C4 isoforms are generated by utilization of an alternative polyadenylation site located within the intron between exons 16 and 17 of the mBSC1 gene on chromosome 2; the resultant transcripts predict a truncated COOH terminus ending in a unique 55 amino acid sequence. The predicted C4 and C9 COOH termini differ in the distribution of putative phosphorylation sites for both protein kinase A and C. Independent splicing events involve three previously described cassette exons, which are predicted to encode most of the second transmembrane domain. A total of six different isoforms are expressed, generated by the combinatorial association of three cassette exons and two alternative 3' ends. C9-specific and C4-specific antibodies detect proteins of approximately 150 and 120 kDa, respectively, in mouse kidney. Immunofluorescence and immunohistochemistry indicate expression of both COOH-terminal isoforms within the thick ascending limb of the loop of Henle (TAL). However, staining with the C4 antibody is more heterogeneous, with a decreased proportion of positive cells in the cortical TAL. Functional expression in Xenopus oocytes indicates a dominant negative function for C4 isoforms [companion study, C. Plata, D. B. Mount, V. Rubio, S. C. Hebert, and G. Gamba. Am. J. Physiol. 276 (Renal Physiol. 45): F347-F358, 1999], and the differential expression of these isoforms may contribute to functional heterogeneity of Na+-K+-2Cl- cotransport in mouse TAL.[1]


  1. Isoforms of the Na-K-2Cl cotransporter in murine TAL I. Molecular characterization and intrarenal localization. Mount, D.B., Baekgaard, A., Hall, A.E., Plata, C., Xu, J., Beier, D.R., Gamba, G., Hebert, S.C. Am. J. Physiol. (1999) [Pubmed]
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