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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Expression and distribution of the type 1 and type 3 inositol 1,4, 5-trisphosphate receptor in developing vascular smooth muscle.

The recent discoveries of inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) receptor subtypes with different affinities for IP3 and their potential involvement in development has important consequences for vascular smooth muscle. This study has examined the expression and distribution of the type 1 and type 3 IP3 receptor subtypes in developing rat vascular smooth muscles. Immunoblotting of portal vein and aorta from neonatal (2 to 4 days) and fully developed (6 weeks) rats revealed significantly higher levels of the type 3 IP3 receptor expression in neonatal, compared with developed, vascular smooth muscles. In contrast, expression of the type 1 IP3 receptor in neonates was lower compared with developed vascular smooth muscles. Immunolocalization of the type 3 IP3 receptors in neonatal tissues revealed that staining corresponded to the distribution of the sarcoplasmic reticulum (visualized by osmium ferricyanide staining of thin tissue sections), which suggested localization of the type 3 IP3 receptor throughout the sarcoplasmic reticulum network. We conclude that type 3 IP3 receptors are the predominant subtype in the development of vascular smooth muscle and are distributed throughout the sarcoplasmic reticulum in these cells. The switch in isoforms of the IP3 receptor during development from the type 3 with low affinity for IP3 to the higher-affinity type 1 receptor may play a role in calcium-mediated regulation of developing vascular smooth muscle.[1]


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