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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Contribution of human hepatic cytochrome P450s and steroidogenic CYP17 to the N-demethylation of aminopyrine.

1. Aminopyrine N-demethylase activity was determined for 11 forms of human hepatic cytochrome P450s (P450s) expressed in yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae and for human steroidogenic CYP17 expressed in Escherichia coli. 2. Among the hepatic P450s, the N-demethylation of aminopyrine was catalysed most efficiently by CYP2C19, followed by CYP2C8, 2D6, 2C18 and 1A2, whereas the activity with CYP2E1 was negligible. The kinetics of the N-demethylation process by CYP1A2, 2C8, 2C19 and 2D6 were studied by fitting to Michaelis-Menten kinetics by Lineweaver-Burk plots. CYP2C19 exhibited the highest affinity and a high capacity for the aminopyrine N-demethylation. CYP2C8 showed the highest Vmax, followed by CYP2C19, 2D6 and 1A2, whereas the Km for CYP2C8, 2D6 and 1A2 were 10-17 times higher than that for CYP2C19. Accordingly, the Vmax/Km for CYP2C19 was more than nine times higher than that of other P450s. 3. Human steroidogenic CYP17 also catalysed aminopyrine N-demethylation and the activity was comparable with that for CYP3A4 which is a dominant P450 in human liver. The activity was increased 1.5-fold by the addition of cytochrome b5, whereas the activity was not affected by the addition of Mg2+. 4. These results suggest that several human hepatic P450s, especially CYP2C19, and steroidogenic CYP17 exhibit aminopyrine N-demethylase activity.[1]


  1. Contribution of human hepatic cytochrome P450s and steroidogenic CYP17 to the N-demethylation of aminopyrine. Niwa, T., Sato, R., Yabusaki, Y., Ishibashi, F., Katagiri, M. Xenobiotica (1999) [Pubmed]
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