The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Structural basis of autoregulation of phenylalanine hydroxylase.

Phenylalanine hydroxylase converts phenylalanine to tyrosine, a rate-limiting step in phenylalanine catabolism and protein and neurotransmitter biosynthesis. It is tightly regulated by the substrates phenylalanine and tetrahydrobiopterin and by phosphorylation. We present the crystal structures of dephosphorylated and phosphorylated forms of a dimeric enzyme with catalytic and regulatory properties of the wild-type protein. The structures reveal a catalytic domain flexibly linked to a regulatory domain. The latter consists of an N-terminal autoregulatory sequence (containing Ser 16, which is the site of phosphorylation) that extends over the active site pocket, and an alpha-beta sandwich core that is, unexpectedly, structurally related to both pterin dehydratase and the regulatory domains of metabolic enzymes. Phosphorylation has no major structural effects in the absence of phenylalanine, suggesting that phenylalanine and phosphorylation act in concert to activate the enzyme through a combination of intrasteric and possibly allosteric mechanisms.[1]


  1. Structural basis of autoregulation of phenylalanine hydroxylase. Kobe, B., Jennings, I.G., House, C.M., Michell, B.J., Goodwill, K.E., Santarsiero, B.D., Stevens, R.C., Cotton, R.G., Kemp, B.E. Nat. Struct. Biol. (1999) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities