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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Quantitative determination of the main glucose metabolic fluxes in human erythrocytes by 13C- and 1H-MR spectroscopy.

Information displayed by homonuclear and heteronuclear spin-coupling patterns in 13C- and 1H-MR spectra allowed us to identify the major lactate isotopomers produced either from [1-(13)C]-glucose or from [2-(13)C]-glucose by human erythrocytes. Relative concentrations of detectable isotopomers were determined by integrating the corresponding MR signals. The interpretation of these data in terms of the fractional glucose metabolised through glycolysis and pentose phosphate pathway was performed by a computer simulation of the metabolism that took into account metabolic schemes pertaining to glycolysis and to the F-type of pentose phosphate pathway. The simulation was organised in a way to anticipate the populations of the isotopomers produced from any precursor at a priori established metabolic steady state. By the simulation, isotopomer populations were determined according to different values of pentose cycle, defined as the flux of glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate originating from pentose phosphate pathway at unitary glucose uptake. The populations of the isotopomers originating from [2-(13)C]-glucose were described by polynomials, and ratios between the polynomials were used in conjunction with 13C- and 1H-MR data to determine pentose cycle values. The knowledge of glucose uptake and of pentose cycle value allowed us to perform accurate measurement of the pentose phosphate pathway flux, of the hexokinase and phosphofructokinase fluxes as well as, indirectly, of the carbon dioxide production.[1]


  1. Quantitative determination of the main glucose metabolic fluxes in human erythrocytes by 13C- and 1H-MR spectroscopy. Messana, I., Misiti, F., el-Sherbini, S., Giardina, B., Castagnola, M. J. Biochem. Biophys. Methods (1999) [Pubmed]
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