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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Characterization of the gene encoding human TAFI (thrombin-activable fibrinolysis inhibitor; plasma procarboxypeptidase B).

Thrombin-activable fibrinolysis inhibitor (TAFI) is a recently described human plasma zymogen that is related to pancreatic carboxypeptidase B. The active form of TAFI (TAFIa), which is formed by thrombin cleavage of the zymogen, likely inhibits fibrinolysis by removal from partially degraded fibrin of the carboxyl-terminal lysine residues which act to stimulate plasminogen activation. We have isolated and characterized genomic clones which encompass the entire human TAFI gene from lambda phage and bacterial artificial chromosome genomic libraries. The complete TAFI gene contains 11 exons and spans approximately 48 kb of genomic DNA. The positions of intron/exon boundaries are conserved between the TAFI gene and the rat pancreatic carboxypeptidase A1, A2, and B and the human mast cell carboxypeptidase A genes, indicating that these carboxypeptidases arose from a common ancestral gene. However, the intron lengths diverge significantly among all of these genes. The TAFI promoter lacks a consensus TATA sequence, and transcription is initiated from multiple sites. Transient transfection of reporter plasmids containing portions of the TAFI 5'-flanking region into mammalian cells allowed localization of the promoter and identified a approximately 70 bp region crucial for liver-specific transcription. Sequence analysis of cDNA clones obtained from human liver RNA indicated that the TAFI transcript is polyadenylated at three different sites. Our findings will facilitate the assessment of the regulation of TAFI expression by transcriptional and/or posttranscriptional mechanisms. Furthermore, knowledge of the genomic structure of the TAFI gene will aid in the identification of mutations that may be associated with the tendency to either bleed or thrombose.[1]


  1. Characterization of the gene encoding human TAFI (thrombin-activable fibrinolysis inhibitor; plasma procarboxypeptidase B). Boffa, M.B., Reid, T.S., Joo, E., Nesheim, M.E., Koschinsky, M.L. Biochemistry (1999) [Pubmed]
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