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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Expression and biological activity of X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis (XIAP) in human malignant glioma.

The inhibitor-of-apoptosis (IAP) proteins are a novel family of antiapoptotic proteins that are thought to inhibit cell death via direct inhibition of caspases. Here, we report that human malignant glioma cell lines express XIAP, HIAP-1 and HIAP-2 mRNA and proteins. NAIP was not expressed. IAP proteins were not cleaved during CD95 ligand (CD95L)-induced apoptosis, and loss of IAP protein expression was not responsible for the potentiation of CD95L-induced apoptosis when protein synthesis was inhibited. LN-18 cells are highly sensitive to CD95-mediated apoptosis, whereas LN-229 cells require co-exposure to CD95L and a protein synthesis inhibitor, CHX, to acquire sensitivity to apoptosis. Adenoviral XIAP gene transfer blocked caspase 8 and 3 processing in both cell lines in the absence of CHX. Apoptosis was blocked in the absence and in the presence of CHX. However, XIAP failed to block caspase 8 processing in LN-229 cells in the presence of CHX. There was considerable overlap of the effects of XIAP on caspase processing with those of BCL-2 and the viral caspase inhibitor crm-A. These data define complex regulatory mechanisms for CD95-mediated apoptosis in glioma cells and indicate that there may be a distinct pathway of death receptor-mediated apoptosis that is readily activated when protein synthesis is inhibited. The constitutive expression of natural caspase inhibitors may play a role in the resistance of these cells to apoptotic stimuli that directly target caspases, including radiochemotherapy and immune-mediated tumor cell lysis.[1]


  1. Expression and biological activity of X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis (XIAP) in human malignant glioma. Wagenknecht, B., Glaser, T., Naumann, U., Kügler, S., Isenmann, S., Bähr, M., Korneluk, R., Liston, P., Weller, M. Cell Death Differ. (1999) [Pubmed]
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