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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Inhibition of endothelin-converting enzyme attenuates transplant vasculopathy and rejection in rat cardiac allografts.

BACKGROUND: Transplant vasculopathy in kidney and heart allografts is associated with marked elevation of endothelin-1 (ET-1), but a role for ET-1 in the pathogenesis of transplant vasculopathy and chronic rejection has not been established. We, therefore, tested whether inhibition of ET-1-converting enzyme by phosphoramidon (PA) would attenuate rejection in a rat model of chronic cardiac allograft rejection (Lewis [LEW] to F344). METHODS: Donor LEW rats were pretreated 24 hr before transplantation with a bolus injection of vehicle (water) or PA. Twenty- four hour after transplantation, water or PA was continuously administered through an osmotic mini-pump. Plasma ET-1 levels in Fisher 344 (F344) recipients were 0.8+/-0.1 pg/ml in water-treated rats and 0.2+/-0.2 pg/ml (P<0.01) in PA-treated rats, demonstrating that the PA treatment protocol effectively lowered ET-1 biosynthesis. RESULTS: LEW cardiac allografts treated with water survived (i.e., palpable heart beat) for 16.0+/-0.5 days (n=6). Inhibition of ET-1 secretion by PA improved allograft survival to 28.8+/-3.3 days (P<0.01, n=8). An analysis of cardiac arteries demonstrated that PA treatment attenuated transplant vasculopathy. A morphometric scale of neointima formation (0-5) was 1.4+/-0.2 and 3.6+/-0.2 in PA- or water-treated rats, respectively (P<0.01). The percent of luminal occlusion, as measured by microscopic image analysis, was 19+/-6% in PA-treated animals and 38+/-6% (P<0.01) in animals treated with water. PA treatment also reduced infiltration of ED-1-positive monocytes/macrophages into the vascular neointima. CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that, even in the absence of concomitant immunosuppression, inhibition of ET-1 biosynthesis significantly attenuates transplant vasculopathy and improves survival of LEW to F344 cardiac allografts.[1]


  1. Inhibition of endothelin-converting enzyme attenuates transplant vasculopathy and rejection in rat cardiac allografts. Simonson, M.S., Herman, W.H., Robinson, A., Schulak, J., Hricik, D.E. Transplantation (1999) [Pubmed]
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