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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Expression of AE2 anion exchanger in mouse intestine.

We have characterized expression of anion exchanger 2 (AE2) mRNA and protein in the mouse intestine. AE2 mRNA abundance was higher in colon than in more proximal segments. AE2a mRNA was more abundant than AE2b mRNA throughout the intestine, and AE2c mRNA was expressed at very low levels. This AE2 mRNA pattern contrasted with that in mouse stomach, in which AE2c > AE2b > AE2a. AE2 polypeptide abundance as detected by immunoblot qualitatively paralleled that of mRNA, whereas AE2 immunostaining exhibited a more continuous decrease in intensity from colon to duodenum. AE2 polypeptide was more abundant in colonic surface cells than in crypts, whereas ileal crypts and villi exhibited similar AE2 abundance. AE2 was also observed in mural and vascular smooth muscle. Localization of AE2 epitopes was restricted to the basolateral membranes of epithelial cells throughout the intestine with three exceptions. Under mild fixation conditions, anti-AE2 amino acids (aa) 109-122 detected nonpolarized immunostaining of ileal enterocytes and of Paneth cell granule membranes. An epitope detected by anti-AE2 aa 1224-1237 was also localized to subapical regions of Brunner's gland ducts of duodenum and upper jejunum. These localization studies will aid in the interpretation of anion exchanger function measured in epithelial sheets, isolated cells, and membrane vesicles.[1]


  1. Expression of AE2 anion exchanger in mouse intestine. Alper, S.L., Rossmann, H., Wilhelm, S., Stuart-Tilley, A.K., Shmukler, B.E., Seidler, U. Am. J. Physiol. (1999) [Pubmed]
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