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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Association of neuronal calcium channels with modular adaptor proteins.

Presynaptic voltage-gated calcium (Ca(2+)) channels mediate Ca(2+) influx into the presynaptic terminal that triggers synaptic vesicle fusion and neurotransmitter release. The immediate proximity of Ca(2+) channels to the synaptic vesicle release apparatus is critical for rapid and efficient synaptic transmission. In a series of biochemical experiments, we demonstrate a specific association of the cytosolic carboxyl terminus of the N-type Ca(2+) channel pore-forming alpha(1B) subunit with the modular adaptor proteins Mint1 and CASK. The carboxyl termini of alpha(1B) bind to the first PDZ domain of Mint1 (Mint1-1). The proline-rich region present in the carboxyl termini of alpha(1B) binds to the SH3 domain of CASK. Mint1-1 is specific for the E/D-X-W-C/S-COOH consensus, which defines a novel class of PDZ domains (class III). The Mint1-1 PDZ domain-binding motif is present only in the "long" carboxyl-terminal splice variants of N-type (alpha(1B)) and P/Q-type (alpha(1A)) Ca(2+) channels, but not in R-type (alpha(1E)) or L-type (alpha(1C)) Ca(2+) channels. Our results directly link presynaptic Ca(2+) channels to a macromolecular complex formed by modular adaptor proteins at synaptic junction and advance our understanding of coupling between cell adhesion and synaptic vesicle exocytosis.[1]


  1. Association of neuronal calcium channels with modular adaptor proteins. Maximov, A., Südhof, T.C., Bezprozvanny, I. J. Biol. Chem. (1999) [Pubmed]
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