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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Characterization of a soluble ternary complex formed between human interferon-beta-1a and its receptor chains.

The extracellular portions of the chains that comprise the human type I interferon receptor, IFNAR1 and IFNAR2, have been expressed and purified as recombinant soluble His-tagged proteins, and their interactions with each other and with human interferon-beta-1a ( IFN-beta-1a) were studied by gel filtration and by cross-linking. By gel filtration, no stable binary complexes between IFN-beta-1a and IFNAR1, or between IFNAR1 and IFNAR2 were detected. However, a stable binary complex formed between IFN-beta-1a and IFNAR2. Analysis of binary complex formation using various molar excesses of IFN-beta-1a and IFNAR2 indicated that the complex had a 1:1 stoichiometry, and reducing SDS-PAGE of the binary complex treated with the cross-linking reagent dissucinimidyl glutarate (DSG) indicated that the major cross-linked species had an apparent Mr consistent with the sum of its two individual components. Gel filtration of a mixture of IFNAR1 and the IFN-beta-1a/IFNAR2 complex indicated that the three proteins formed a stable ternary complex. Analysis of ternary complex formation using various molar excesses of IFNAR1 and the IFN-beta-1a/IFNAR2 complex indicated that the ternary complex had a 1:1:1 stoichiometry, and reducing SDS-PAGE of the ternary complex treated with DSG indicated that the major cross-linked species had an apparent Mr consistent with the sum of its three individual components. We conclude that the ternary complex forms by the sequential association of IFN-beta-1a with IFNAR2, followed by the association of IFNAR1 with the preformed binary complex. The ability to produce the IFN-beta-1a/IFNAR2 and IFN-beta-1a/IFNAR1/IFNAR2 complexes make them attractive candidates for X-ray crystallography studies aimed at determining the molecular interactions between IFN-beta-1a and its receptor.[1]

References

  1. Characterization of a soluble ternary complex formed between human interferon-beta-1a and its receptor chains. Arduini, R.M., Strauch, K.L., Runkel, L.A., Carlson, M.M., Hronowski, X., Foley, S.F., Young, C.N., Cheng, W., Hochman, P.S., Baker, D.P. Protein Sci. (1999) [Pubmed]
 
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