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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Suppression of tonic luteinizing hormone secretion and norepinephrine release near the GnRH neurons by estradiol in ovariectomized rats.

One of the major neurotransmitters that controls pulsatile luteinizing hormone (LH) secretion is norepinephrine (NE). NE pulses detected in the median eminence of ovariectomized rhesus monkeys are highly correlated with both GnRH and LH pulses. In contrast, previous reports suggest that this is not the case in rats, thus it remains to be determined whether NE stimulates LH release on a pulse-by-pulse basis in that species. Further, a variety of indirect evidence supports the hypothesis that in rats, estradiol exerts its negative feedback action on LH secretion in part by inhibiting noradrenergic neurotransmission that is stimulatory to LH release, but there is no direct evidence to support this hypothesis. Therefore the following study was designed to test the hypothesis that estradiol suppresses NE release in the vicinity of the GnRH neurons after ovariectomy. In addition, we examined whether episodes of NE release are correlated with LH pulses in ovariectomized rats. Blood samples and microdialysates of the diagonal band of Broca/medial preoptic area (DBB/MPOA) were collected every 5 min from 09:00 to 14:00 h from untreated or estradiol-treated (4-5 days), long-term ovariectomized (1-4 months) rats for determination of plasma LH by RIA and NE release by HPLC. The results indicate that in both untreated and estradiol-treated ovariectomized rats, LH pulses are not correlated with episodes of NE. Thus, NE may play a permissive role in the control of pulsatile LH secretion in rats. Further, estradiol treatment leads to a suppression of both plasma LH levels and NE release in the DBB/MPOA, supporting the hypothesis that a decrease in NE neurotransmission that is stimulatory to LH release mediates the negative feedback action of estradiol on tonic LH secretion.[1]


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