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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 

Possible involvement of matrix metalloproteinase-9 in Langerhans cell migration and maturation.

Epidermal Langerhans cells (LC) are potent dendritic cells in the induction of primary T cell-mediated immune responses in the skin. They capture foreign Ags and migrate to regional lymph nodes to carry and present these Ags to naive T cells. We investigated the role of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) in LC migration using an anti-MMP-9 mAb. Intradermal injection of anti-MMP-9 mAb before rhodamine B or oxazolone painting markedly inhibited these hapten-induced decreases in LC number in the epidermis and the accumulation of dendritic cells in the regional lymph nodes, indicating that MMP-9 plays some important roles in LC migration in the induction phase of contact sensitization. Treatment with anti-MMP-9 mAb also blocked the increase in cell size, dendrite development, and the enhanced expression of MHC class II Ags in LC induced by hapten painting. In addition, intradermal injection of purified MMP-9 induced marked increases in cell size, dendrite extension, and enhanced expression of MHC class II Ags in LC. These results strongly suggested that MMP-9 is involved not only in LC migration, but also in their morphological and phenotypic maturation in the skin.[1]

References

  1. Possible involvement of matrix metalloproteinase-9 in Langerhans cell migration and maturation. Kobayashi, Y., Matsumoto, M., Kotani, M., Makino, T. J. Immunol. (1999) [Pubmed]
 
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