The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Immunoregulatory roles of interleukin-13 in cattle.

Interleukin-13 (IL-13) is produced predominantly by helper T lymphocytes of the Th2 phenotype and mediates its effects on several immune cells, including B lymphocytes and macrophages, stimulating their proliferation, differentiation, and effector functions. IL-13 activates human B cells but has no detectable activity on murine B lymphocytes, suggesting that the activity of IL-13 varies among species. Our studies show that IL-13 enhances proliferation and differentiation of bovine B cells and upregulates cell surface major histocompatibility complex ( MHC) class II expression. We examined mRNA expression of the putative signaling component of the bovine IL-13Ralpha1 homolog in several peripheral blood populations. After stimulation with calcium ionophore and phorbol ester, IL-13Ralpha1 mRNA levels appeared to be downmodulated in T cells, upregulated in macrophages and B cells, and unchanged in neutrophils. Together, these studies begin to provide insight into the relative importance of IL-13 in immunoregulation in cattle.[1]


  1. Immunoregulatory roles of interleukin-13 in cattle. Trigona, W.L., Hirano, A., Brown, W.C., Estes, D.M. J. Interferon Cytokine Res. (1999) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities