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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 

Round spermatids show normal testis-specific H1t but reduced cAMP-responsive element modulator and transition protein 1 expression in men with round-spermatid maturation arrest.

During spermiogenesis, histones are replaced by transition proteins, which in turn are replaced by protamines. The TNP1 gene- encoding TP1 (transition protein 1) protein contains a cAMP-responsive element (CRE) that serves as binding site for the CRE modulator (CREM). To gain further insight into the complex regulation of nucleoprotein exchanges in haploid spermatids and its potential role for spermatogenic impairment, we studied the gene expression of testis-specific histone H1t, CREM, and TNP1 in testicular biopsies from men with normal spermatogenesis (n = 20) and with round spermatid maturation arrest (n = 16). During normal spermatogenesis, H1t messenger RNA (mRNA) was present in 86.2%+/-8.7% of pachytene spermatocytes (stages III-V), whereas H1t protein was synthesized in 83.5%+/-13.0% of pachytene spermatocytes (stages III-V) and persisted in 95.2%+/-3.1% of spermatids (steps 1-5). CREM mRNA was detectable in 74.2%+/-9.4% of pachytene spermatocytes (stages IV-V) and in 78.7%+/-10.0% of spermatids (steps 1-3). CREM protein was synthesized in 81.2%+/-14.2% of spermatids (steps 1-3). TNP1 mRNA was present in 80.0%+/-13.5% of spermatids (steps 2-4), whereas TP1 protein was synthesized in 89.7%+/-5.3% of spermatids (steps 3-4). In men with round spermatid maturation arrest, spermatids only develop to step 3 of differentiation. These spermatids were devoid of both CREM and TP1 but did contain H1t. These results indicate that TP1 is likely to be an important parameter in the histone-to-protamine exchange and in the initiation of spermatid elongation. CREM is involved in the regulation of TNP1 gene expression and consequently plays a vital role in the correct differentiation step from round spermatids to mature spermatozoa.[1]

References

  1. Round spermatids show normal testis-specific H1t but reduced cAMP-responsive element modulator and transition protein 1 expression in men with round-spermatid maturation arrest. Steger, K., Klonisch, T., Gavenis, K., Behr, R., Schaller, V., Drabent, B., Doenecke, D., Nieschlag, E., Bergmann, M., Weinbauer, G.F. J. Androl. (1999) [Pubmed]
 
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