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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Mutational analysis of the binding site residues of the bovine cation-dependent mannose 6-phosphate receptor.

Mannose 6-phosphate receptors (MPRs) deliver soluble acid hydrolases to the lysosome in higher eukaryotic cells. The two MPRs, the cation-dependent MPR (CD-MPR) and the insulin-like growth factor II/cation-independent MPR, carry out this process by binding with high affinity to mannose 6-phosphate residues found on the N-linked oligosaccharides of their ligands. To elucidate the key amino acids involved in conveying this carbohydrate specificity, site-directed mutagenesis studies were conducted on the extracytoplasmic domain of the bovine CD-MPR. Single amino acid substitutions of the residues that form the binding pocket were generated, and the mutant constructs were expressed in transiently transfected COS-1 cells. Following metabolic labeling, mutant CD-MPRs were tested for their ability to bind pentamannosyl phosphate-containing affinity columns. Of the eight amino acids mutated, four (Gln-66, Arg-111, Glu-133, and Tyr-143) were found to be essential for ligand binding. In addition, mutation of the single histidine residue, His-105, within the binding site diminished the binding of the receptor to ligand, but did not eliminate the ability of the CD-MPR to release ligand under acidic conditions.[1]


  1. Mutational analysis of the binding site residues of the bovine cation-dependent mannose 6-phosphate receptor. Olson, L.J., Hancock, M.K., Dix, D., Kim, J.J., Dahms, N.M. J. Biol. Chem. (1999) [Pubmed]
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