The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Expression of the components of the insulin-like growth factor axis across the growth-plate.

Linear bone growth occurs as the result of proliferation and differentiation of growth-plate chondrocytes. These two phases of chondrocyte growth are regulated separately, with insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) being the primary stimulator of proliferation. We studied the expression of the components of the growth hormone GH/IGF system to learn if this proliferative signal is altered as chondrocytes undergo differentiation. Growth-plate chondrocytes were isolated from fetal cows and fractionated on discontinuous Percoll gradients. Five populations were recovered, ranging from high density cells (proliferative chondrocytes) to low density cells (hypertrophic chondrocytes). Messenger RNAs (mRNAs) were analyzed by a reverse transcriptase/quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT/qPCR) technique. Results showed that mRNA of IGF-I and IGF-II in proliferative chondrocytes was 32 and five fold more abundant, respectively, than in hypertrophic chondrocytes. Of the four major IGF-I mRNA transcripts, the class 1-Ea transcript was predominant. Messenger RNA levels for IGFBP-3, -4, and -5 were also reduced in hypertrophic chondrocytes. Levels of GH receptor, the type 1 IGF receptor, and IGF binding protein-2 (IGFBP-2) mRNAs were unchanged across the growth-plate. Since IGF-I and -II are potent stimulators of proliferation, the down-regulation of these genes may be necessary in order for hypertrophy to proceed.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities