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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Interaction of the beta adrenergic receptor antagonist bucindolol with serotonergic receptors.

Bucindolol is a nonselective beta-adrenergic receptor antagonist that has additional vasodilating properties. Because some beta-adrenergic receptor antagonists such as cyanopindolol are used as 5-HT1A/5-HT1B receptor antagonists, we tested the hypothesis that bucindolol can interact with 5-HT receptors. Both in vitro and in vivo methods were used to examine the interaction of bucindolol with 5-HT receptors relevant to the cardiovascular system-the 5-HT1A, 5-HT1D, 5-HT2A, and 5-HT2B receptors-and with alpha1-adrenergic receptors. In binding studies, bucindolol displayed high affinity for the 5-HT1A receptor (Ki, 11 nM), modest affinity for the 5-HT2A receptor (Ki, 382 nM), and no measurable affinity for the 5-HT1D receptor; binding affinity for the 5-HT2B receptor was not studied. Bucindolol also displayed significant binding affinity (Ki, 69 nM) for the alpha1-adrenergic receptors. Alpha1-Adrenergic receptor antagonist activity was confirmed by the ability of bucindolol (1 mg/kg) to act as a competitive antagonist against 0.01-30 microg/kg phenylephrine-induced pressor responses in conscious rats. In conscious permanently instrumented rats, bucindolol (0.1-3.0 mg/kg, i.v.) did not cause bradycardia similar to that elicited by the 5-HT1A-receptor agonist 8-OH-DPAT (3-300 microg/kg, i.v.), nor did bucindolol (1 mg/kg) block the 8-OH-DPAT-induced bradycardia. Bucindolol (10(-9)-10(-5) M) did not cause relaxation in the PGF2alpha-contracted, endothelium-intact porcine coronary artery, nor did bucindolol (10(-5) M) block 5-HT-induced coronary artery relaxation, indicating that bucindolol does not have significant interactions at the 5-HT1D receptor. Bucindolol also displayed no agonist activity at the 5-HT2A and 5-HT2B receptor (endothelium-denuded rat thoracic aorta and rat stomach fundus, respectively), but did act as a weak 5-HT2A-receptor antagonist (-log K(B) [M] = 5.4+/-0.1) and 5-HT2B-receptor antagonist (-log K(B) [M] = 7.8+/-0.1). Thus, these data suggest that bucindolol lacks the ability to activate the 5-HT1A, 5-HT1D, 5-HT2A, and 5-HT2B receptor, but can block alpha1-adrenergic receptors and act as a weak 5-HT2A- and 5-HT2B-receptor antagonist. The relevance of these serotoninergic effects as it pertains to the mechanism of bucindolol-induced vasodilation is unknown.[1]


  1. Interaction of the beta adrenergic receptor antagonist bucindolol with serotonergic receptors. Watts, S.W., Fink, G.D., Silver, P.J., Cushing, D.J. J. Cardiovasc. Pharmacol. (2000) [Pubmed]
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