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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

AHR38, a homolog of NGFI-B, inhibits formation of the functional ecdysteroid receptor in the mosquito Aedes aegypti.

In anautogenous mosquitoes, vitellogenesis, the key event in egg maturation, requires a blood meal. Consequently, mosquitoes are vectors of numerous devastating human diseases. After ingestion of blood, 20-hydroxyecdysone activates yolk protein precursor (YPP) genes in the metabolic tissue, the fat body. An important adaptation for anautogenicity is the previtellogenic developmental arrest (the state-of-arrest) preventing the activation of YPP genes in previtellogenic females prior to blood feeding. Here, we show that a retinoid X receptor homolog, Ultraspiracle (AaUSP), which is an obligatory partner in the functional ecdysteroid receptor, exists at the state-of-arrest as a heterodimer with the orphan nuclear receptor AHR38, a homolog of Drosophila DHR38 and nerve growth factor- induced protein B. Yeast two-hybrid and glutathione S-transferase pull-down assays demonstrate that AHR38 can interact strongly with AaUSP. AHR38 also disrupts binding of ecdysteroid receptor to ecdysone response elements. Cell co-transfection of AHR38 with AaEcR and AaUSP inhibits ecdysone-dependent activation of a reporter gene by the ecdysteroid receptor. Co-immunoprecipitation experiments indicate that AaUSP protein associates with AHR38 instead of AaEcR in fat body nuclei at the state-of-arrest.[1]


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