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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Cell cycle-dependent regulation of N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase-III in a human colon cancer cell line, Colo201.

The mechanism for cell-cycle-dependent regulation of N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase III (GnT-III) activity was investigated using synchronized culture of Colo201, a human colon cancer cell line. In the synchronized culture, it was found that GnT-III activity rapidly increased in the M phase and the maximal activity was five times higher than the basal level found in the G1 phase. Northern blot and Western blot analyses revealed that the increase in the activity is due not to an increase in expression level of its mRNA but, rather, to the level of protein. Furthermore, it was shown by a pulse-chase experiment that the increased protein level of GnT-III is the result of its prolonged turnover rate. Lectin blotting with erythroagglutinating phytohemagglutinin showed that the content of bisecting N-acetylglucosamine structure in glycoproteins was transiently increased during the M phase in conjunction with the increased activity of GnT-III. These results suggest that GnT-III activity undergoes a cell-cycle-dependent regulation and thereby oligosaccharide structures of N-glycans vary specifically during the M phase of the cell cycle. Thus, it is possible that the cell-cycle-dependent alteration of N-glycans by GnT-III might play a role in biological events, such as the progression of cell cycle and cell division.[1]


  1. Cell cycle-dependent regulation of N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase-III in a human colon cancer cell line, Colo201. Kang, R., Ikeda, Y., Miyoshi, E., Wang, W., Li, W., Ihara, Y., Sheng, Y., Taniguchi, N. Arch. Biochem. Biophys. (2000) [Pubmed]
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