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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

PTH regulates expression of ClC-5 chloride channel in the kidney.

Mutations in the chloride channel, ClC-5, have been described in several inherited diseases that result in the formation of kidney stones. To determine whether ClC-5 is also involved in calcium homeostasis, we investigated whether ClC-5 mRNA and protein expression are modulated in rats deficient in 1alpha,25(OH)(2) vitamin D(3) with and without thyroparathyroidectomy. Parathyroid hormone ( PTH) was replaced in some animals. Vitamin D-deficient, thyroparathyrodectomized rats had lower serum and higher urinary calcium concentrations compared with control animals as well as lower serum PTH and calcitonin concentrations. ClC-5 mRNA and protein levels in the cortex decrease in vitamin D-deficient, thyroparathyroidectomized rats compared with both control and vitamin D-deficient animals. ClC-5 mRNA and protein expression increase near to control levels in vitamin D-deficient, thyroparathyroidectomized rats injected with PTH. No significant changes in ClC-5 mRNA and protein expression in the medulla were detected in any experimental group. Our results suggest that PTH modulates the expression of ClC-5 in the kidney cortex and that neither 1alpha,25(OH)(2) vitamin D(3) nor PTH regulates ClC-5 expression in the medulla. The pattern of expression of ClC-5 varies with urinary calcium. Animals with higher urinary calcium concentrations have lower levels of ClC-5 mRNA and protein expression, suggesting that the ClC-5 chloride channel plays a role in calcium reabsorption.[1]


  1. PTH regulates expression of ClC-5 chloride channel in the kidney. Silva, I.V., Blaisdell, C.J., Guggino, S.E., Guggino, W.B. Am. J. Physiol. Renal Physiol. (2000) [Pubmed]
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