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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Positive regulation of skeletal myogenesis by R-Ras.

Most of the proteins in the Ras-family proteins, including Ras, Rap and TC21, have been reported to be strong inhibitors of skeletal myogenesis. Here we show that R-Ras, another member of this family, promotes terminal differentiation of C2C12 skeletal myoblasts. In contrast to Ras, which induced a markedly transformed phenotype of C2C12 cells, an activated mutant of R-Ras (R-RasQ87L) did not exhibit any inhibitory effect on the differentiation of C2C12 cells, but enhanced the formation of multinucleated myotubes. Although R-RasQ87L showed little effect on induction of two muscle-specific proteins, creatine kinase and myogenin, it prevented cell death during myoblast differentiation, probably through Akt activation and Bcl-xL induction. Motility of C2C12 cells, which may be involved in fusion of myoblasts, was also stimulated by R-RasQ87L. Furthermore, we observed a transient activation of endogenous R-Ras during differentiation of C2C12 cells. The ectopic expression of R-Ras GAP inhibited the differentiation. These results suggest that R-Ras has a positive effect on the terminal differentiation of myoblasts and may be involved in the program of skeletal myogenesis.[1]


  1. Positive regulation of skeletal myogenesis by R-Ras. Suzuki, J., Kaziro, Y., Koide, H. Oncogene (2000) [Pubmed]
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