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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Kinetic analysis of Clostridium cellulolyticum carbohydrate metabolism: importance of glucose 1-phosphate and glucose 6-phosphate branch points for distribution of carbon fluxes inside and outside cells as revealed by steady-state continuous culture.

During the growth of Clostridium cellulolyticum in chemostat cultures with ammonia as the growth-limiting nutrient, as much as 30% of the original cellobiose consumed by C. cellulolyticum was converted to cellotriose, glycogen, and polysaccharides regardless of the specific growth rates. Whereas the specific consumption rate of cellobiose and of the carbon flux through glycolysis increased, the carbon flux through the phosphoglucomutase slowed. The limitation of the path through the phosphoglucomutase had a great effect on the accumulation of glucose 1-phosphate (G1P), the precursor of cellotriose, exopolysaccharides, and glycogen. The specific rates of biosynthesis of these compounds are important since as much as 16.7, 16.0, and 21.4% of the specific rate of cellobiose consumed by the cells could be converted to cellotriose, exopolysaccharides, and glycogen, respectively. With the increase of the carbon flux through glycolysis, the glucose 6-phosphate (G6P) pool decreased, whereas the G1P pool increased. Continuous culture experiments showed that glycogen biosynthesis was associated with rapid growth. The same result was obtained in batch culture, where glycogen biosynthesis reached a maximum during the exponential growth phase. Glycogen synthesis in C. cellulolyticum was also not subject to stimulation by nutrient limitation. Flux analyses demonstrate that G1P and G6P, connected by the phosphoglucomutase reaction, constitute important branch points for the distribution of carbon fluxes inside and outside cells. From this study it appears that the properties of the G1P-G6P branch points have been selected to control excretion of carbon surplus and to dissipate excess energy, whereas the pyruvate-acetyl coenzyme A branch points chiefly regulate the redox balance of the carbon catabolism as was shown previously (E. Guedon et al., J. Bacteriol. 181:3262-3269, 1999).[1]


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