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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Gab-1- mediated IGF-1 signaling in IRS-1-deficient 3T3 fibroblasts.

The insulin receptor substrate (IRS) family of proteins mediate a variety of intracellular signaling events by serving as signaling platforms downstream of several receptor tyrosine kinases including the insulin and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) receptors. Recently, several new members of this family have been identified including IRS-3, IRS-4, and growth factor receptor-binding protein 2-associated binder-1 (Gab-1). 3T3 cell lines derived from IRS-1-deficient embryos exhibit a 70-80% reduction in IGF-1- stimulated S-phase entry and a parallel decrease in the induction of the immediate-early genes c-fos and egr-1 but unaltered activation of the mitogen- activated protein kinases extracellular signal-regulated kinase-1 and extracellular signal-regulated kinase-2. Reconstitution of IRS-1 expression in IRS-1-deficient fibroblasts by retroviral mediated gene transduction is capable of restoring these defects. Overexpression of Gab-1 in IRS-1-deficient fibroblasts also results in the restoration of egr-1 induction to levels similar to those achieved by IRS-1 reconstitution and markedly increases IGF-1-stimulated S-phase progression. Gab-1 is capable of regulating these biological end points despite the absence of IGF-1 stimulated tyrosine phosphorylation. These data provide evidence that Gab-1 may serve as a unique signaling intermediate in insulin/IGF-1 signaling for induction of early gene expression and stimulation of mitogenesis without direct tyrosine phosphorylation.[1]


  1. Gab-1-mediated IGF-1 signaling in IRS-1-deficient 3T3 fibroblasts. Winnay, J.N., Brüning, J.C., Burks, D.J., Kahn, C.R. J. Biol. Chem. (2000) [Pubmed]
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