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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Purification and characterization of bovine cone arrestin (cArr).

To elucidate the quenching mechanism of phototransduction in vertebrate cone photoreceptors, a cDNA clone encoding cone specific arrestin (cArr) was isolated from a bovine retinal cDNA library using a human cArr cDNA probe. Affinity-purified anti-peptide antibody specific to cArr was prepared. Immunohistochemical staining displayed specific labeling of cArr in cone photoreceptors and immunoblotting identified a 46 kDa protein band. We purified cArr from bovine retinas by sequential column chromatography using DEAE-cellulose, gel filtration and mono Q columns. Binding studies revealed no binding of cArr to rhodopsin regardless of whether it was bleached and/or phosphorylated. cArr also failed to bind to heparin-Sepharose under conditions which rod arrestin (rArr) bound to the column. The present data suggest that cArr may play a role in the quenching of phototransduction in cone photoreceptors and that its activity therein is different to that of rArr.[1]


  1. Purification and characterization of bovine cone arrestin (cArr). Maeda, T., Ohguro, H., Sohma, H., Kuroki, Y., Wada, H., Okisaka, S., Murakami, A. FEBS Lett. (2000) [Pubmed]
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