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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Description and morphometric variability of Paranoplocephala serrata n. sp. (Cestoda: Anoplocephalidae) in collared lemmings (Dicrostonyx spp., Arvicolinae) from Arctic Siberia and North America.

We describe Paranoplocephala serrata n. sp. (Cestoda, Anoplocephalidae) from collared lemmings Dicrostonyx torquatus and D. groenlandicus (Arvicolinae, Rodentia) in Arctic Siberia and North America. The new species was recorded from the Yamal Peninsula (type-locality), Yana Delta, Kolyma Delta, Wrangel Island, Alaska and Victoria Island/Kent Peninsula (Northwest Territories). P. serrata n. sp. is characterised by a long, ribbon-like strobila, distinctly serrated segments, a small scolex, unilateral or infrequently alternating genital pores and testes confined to the antiporal part of the segment. It differs from the related species (Andrya bairdi, Parandrya feodorovi and Paranoplocephala manseri) by several morphological features, including the distribution of testes (several testes antiporal to ventral longitudinal osmoregulatory canal), structure of the cirrus-sac and vagina, and large eggs (0.053-0.068 mm in the type-material). The material of P. serrata n. sp. from North America differs from the Siberian material by the shorter cirrus-sac, smaller dimensions of the female reproductive organs, larger seminal receptacle and larger eggs. However, the statistical differences in the dimensions of reproductive organs mainly reflect the larger size of mature segments in Siberian specimens compared with North American specimens. The main diagnostic features, i.e. the size and form of scolex and suckers, number and distribution of testes, position of female glands, vagina/cirrus-sac ratio and morphology of reproductive organs, do not differ markedly between the Palaearctic and Nearctic specimens. According to the structure of the early-stage uterus, A. bairdi Schad, 1954 belongs to the genus Paranoplocephala. Parandrya Gulyaev & Chechulin, 1996 is probably a synonym of Paranoplocephala. A redescription is provided for Paranoplocephala bairdi n. comb.[1]


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