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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Down-regulation of the extracellular matrix protein SPARC in vSrc- and vJun-transformed chick embryo fibroblasts contributes to tumor formation in vivo.

In vitro transformation of primary cultures of chick embryo fibroblasts by the membrane-bound vSrc or the nuclear vJun oncoproteins is correlated with a down-regulation of the secreted glycoprotein SPARC (also called BM-40 or osteonectin). This protein is a nonstructural component of the extracellular matrix that is thought to regulate cell-matrix interaction during development, wound repair, and carcinogenesis. Its precise function remains unclear. To estimate the contribution of SPARC down-regulation to the major aspects of the transformed phenotype, we have reexpressed this protein from a self-replicating retrovirus Rcas, designated R-SPARC, in the transformed cultures. These R-SPARC-infected cultures display the following main properties: (i) they accumulate the SPARC protein to a level identical to or only slightly higher than the level in normal chick embryo fibroblasts; (ii) they retain the main phenotypic properties characteristic of in vitro transformed cells, that is, altered morphology, capacity to grow in a reduced amount of serum, and capacity to develop colonies from single cells in agar; (iii) they display a clearly reduced capacity to develop local fibrosarcomas in vivo. Taken together, these data strongly suggest that down-regulation of SPARC contributes to the transformed phenotype triggered by vSrc and vJun in primary avian fibroblasts, by facilitating in vivo tumorigenesis.[1]


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