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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The type 8 adenylyl cyclase is critical for Ca2+ stimulation of cAMP accumulation in mouse parotid acini.

Capacitative Ca(2+) entry stimulates cAMP synthesis in mouse parotid acini, suggesting that one of the Ca(2+)-sensitive adenylyl cyclases (AC1 or AC8) may play an important role in the regulation of parotid function (Watson, E. L., Wu, Z., Jacobson, K. L., Storm, D. R., Singh, J. C., and Ott, S. M. (1998) Am. J. Physiol. 274, C557-C565). To evaluate the role of AC1 and AC8 in Ca(2+) stimulation of cAMP synthesis in parotid cells, acini were isolated from AC1 mutant (AC1-KO) and AC8 mutant (AC8-KO) mice and analyzed for Ca(2+) stimulation of intracellular cAMP levels. Although Ca(2+) stimulation of intracellular cAMP levels in acini from AC1-KO mice was indistinguishable from wild type mice, acini from AC8-KO mice showed no Ca(2+)-stimulated cAMP accumulation. This indicates that AC8, but not AC1, plays a major role in coupling Ca(2+) signals to cAMP synthesis in parotid acini. Interestingly, treatment of acini from AC8-KO mice with agents, i.e. carbachol and thapsigargin that increase intracellular Ca(2+), lowered cAMP levels. This decrease was dependent upon Ca(2+) influx and independent of phosphodiesterase activation. Immunoblot analysis revealed that AC5/6 and AC3 are expressed in parotid glands. Inhibition of calmodulin (CaM) kinase II with KN-62, or inclusion of the CaM inhibitor, calmidazolium, did not prevent agonist-induced inhibition of stimulated cAMP accumulation. In vitro studies revealed that Ca(2+), independently of CaM, inhibited isoproterenol-stimulated AC. Data suggest that agonist augmentation of stimulated cAMP levels is due to activation of AC8 in mouse parotid acini, and strongly support a role for AC5/6 in the inhibition of stimulated cAMP levels.[1]


  1. The type 8 adenylyl cyclase is critical for Ca2+ stimulation of cAMP accumulation in mouse parotid acini. Watson, E.L., Jacobson, K.L., Singh, J.C., Idzerda, R., Ott, S.M., DiJulio, D.H., Wong, S.T., Storm, D.R. J. Biol. Chem. (2000) [Pubmed]
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