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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Evidence for HLA-related susceptibility for stroke in children with sickle cell disease.

Cerebral infarction occurs in one quarter of all children with sickle cell anemia (SCA). There is an increased risk of stroke in siblings with SCA, suggesting genetic factors may influence risk of stroke. The authors investigated whether HLA type was associated with risk of stroke in children with SCA. Fifty-three patients with SCA underwent complete HLA typing at both HLA class I (HLA-A, B) and HLA class II (HLA-DR, DQ, DP) loci. Of the 53 patients, 22 had magnetic resonance imagining (MRI)-documented evidence of cerebral infarction, and the remaining 31 patients had negative MRI scans. Comparison of the results of HLA typing between the SCA patients with a positive and those with a negative MRI documented that the 2 groups differed with respect to the class I HLA-B (P =.012), and the class II HLA-DRB1 (P =.0008) and DQB1 (P =.029). Susceptibility associations at the HLA-DRB1 locus included both DR3 alleles, where DRB1*0301 and *0302 were both associated with an increased risk of stroke. Protective associations were found in the DR2 group, where DRB1*1501 was protective for stroke. DQB1*0201, which is in linkage disequilibrium with DRB1*0301, was also associated with stroke. Similarly, DQB1*0602, in linkage disequilibrium with DRB1*1501, was protective. Specific HLA alleles may influence the risk of stroke in children with SCA. HLA typing may prove useful in identifying SCA patients at higher risk for stroke.[1]


  1. Evidence for HLA-related susceptibility for stroke in children with sickle cell disease. Styles, L.A., Hoppe, C., Klitz, W., Vichinsky, E., Lubin, B., Trachtenberg, E. Blood (2000) [Pubmed]
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